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Diverse Microbial Solutions, LLC

Why Use Microbes?

Soil microbes occupy a crucial role in the productivity of soil in both agricultural and landscape applications.  The microbes that create and inhabit healthy soil are vital participants in all elemental cycles, notably the Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles, helping to replenish nutrients and allowing for increased crop production, healthier gardens and greener lawns. 

The function of soil microbes in the Carbon Cycle is to convert organic residues into carbon dioxide and humus.  The carbon dioxide is supplied to green plants as a necessary component of photosynthesis (plant growth).  Additionally, carbon dioxide attacks and makes mineral constituents soluble for plant food.  The humus that the microbes generate provides more ideal moisture and temperature conditions in the soil and also furnishes food and energy to additional microbes.  Humic acids result from the decomposition of humus and serve to increase water holding capacity, break down rock, and act as buffering agents by preventing drastic swings in soil pH.  Furthermore, humus supplies practically all of the combined nitrogen in the soil which was produced over millions of years by soil bacteria. 
 
 

Microbes are equally significant in the Nitrogen Cycle.  The nitrogen in the soil humus is unavailable and must be broken down by microbes into simpler substances such as ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates.  The majority of cultivated plants prefer nitrate nitrogen which bacteria convert from nitrite, which is converted from ammonia.  The fixation of nitrogen by nodule bacteria (i.e. legumes) is dependent on the availability of humus, furnished by soil microbes in the carbon cycle.



Unfortunately, due to human interference, soil microbes are very frequently unbalanced or even depleted altogether, greatly hindering the productivity of the soil and related plants.  Over time, improved pastures, cultivated fields, vineyard, orchards, and nurseries are especially susceptible to a weakening of microbial diversity.  This contributes to an overabundance of fungus, molds, pathogens, and protozoa. 



The microbes that create and inhabit healthy soil help to replenish its nutrients allowing increased crop production, healthier gardens, and greener lawns.
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